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Eating smart is the first step toward good health.
Eating smart may mean you
will have to make a slight change in your eating habits but, for most of
us, that will be a positive change. You will be surprised just how quick, cheap, and easy it is to eat five
meals a day.
plan below is a prototype for you to follow. Adjust the calorie
numbers according to your weight, which you will find here. As your weight changes (if that
is your desire), your numbers will change accordingly.
Dusty's Lowfat Fare
All Bran, Fiber One, or any other high fiber cereal mixed with
your favorite cereal. Use 1/2 percent or skim milk. This combination will be 300-400
calories with about 3-4 percent of your calories from fat. If you do not like cereal,
are lactose intolerant or, are just opposed to consuming cow's
milk, you can get generous amounts of fiber and potassium from most
fruits and vegetables. See page 15 for more information on fiber.
2nd meal, 3 hours later - 1 sports bar with water; 220-300 calories; 8-13
percent of calories from fat.
3rd meal, 3 hours later - Healthy Choice chicken fajitas with water; 200
calories; 14 percent of calories from fat.
4th meal, 3 hours later - Tuna sandwich on wheat mixed with no fat
dressing and relish; one banana and water; 300 calories; 5 percent of calories from fat.
5th meal, 3 hours later - Large baked potato with no fat sour cream,
dressing, or salsa, and no fat cheese with 8 ounces of skim milk: 400 calories with 6
percent of calories from fat. Always include fruits and/or vegetables in at least
two of the five meals. They contain large amounts of fiber and potassium.
More on that
later. "Pig out" on the weekends or any 2 days of the week eating high fat foods
if you like, but stay within the range of calories consistent with your body size (see
below) to lose or maintain body fat.
I Don't Have Time To Eat That Often!
Many people think they do not have time to eat five times a day. These meals and the
ones on page 32 are quick and easy to prepare. Eating them takes only 10 to 15 minutes.
Most people have several breaks during the day that can accommodate this eating style and
most of these meals can be carried in your pocket, purse, or sports bag. If you eat
breakfast and the fifth meal at home, then you have only three meals to eat at work or
DON'T WORK? DON'T BELIEVE IT!
Why So Many Meals?
Those of you who eat only one, two or three meals per day ride the
blood sugar roller coaster to ill health. During and immediately following any
big meal, you feel "up." Then one to three hours later you feel
"down" and feel like napping. Many of us have been raised to believe
that eating two or three heavy meals per day is the healthy way to consume
Unfortunately, we have been misled. Hypoglycemia, diabetes, or just the blahs
can be the result. Eating smaller meals three hours apart works wonders for blood
sugar levels. It also lowers stomach volume and encourages our brain to
release human growth hormone (hGH) -- our notorious "fountain of youth."
Growth hormone encourages our bodies to put on muscle and drop body fat. This also
allows the stomach to feel full on smaller amounts of food. Those who eat one
and/or two meals per day particularly send the body a message that it is being
starved, and it tends to hold on to as much body fat as possible. As a one or two
mealer per day, you will continue to have a hard time getting rid of body fat or
maintaining a healthy body fat percentage. Three meals per
day is not quite as bad, but you still experience the biological pitfalls of the rise and
fall in blood sugar and erratic release of insulin.
Consider our ancestors who used to hunt for and/or grow their own food. Most of them
ate frequently and expended a lot of energy hunting and dragging it around. When
they did not find it for a day or so (an unintentional fast), their bodies had to be able
to survive. The survival mechanism is the process that the body utilizes by holding
on to body fat. That same process is a part of our biological make-up today. The
problem is that most of us "fast" every day of the week by only consuming one to
three meals per day in our traditional style. As a result, most of us carry
dangerously high amounts of stored body fat which can lead to many unhealthy
Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF)
Another big boost for eating every three hours has to do with the release of insulin like growth factor
(IGF) from the liver. This is
the growth compound that travels to muscle cells and encourages muscular growth. IGF
acts directly on muscle by putting amino acids into muscle cells. In order for IGF to do
its job, there has to be a consistent and sufficient supply of insulin, which is released
by the pancreas. Consuming five meals per day establishes a consistent and sufficient
supply of insulin from the pancreas. Since insulin helps to maintain the level of
sugar in the blood, a steady stream of insulin from the pancreas and IGF from the liver is
crucial for muscle growth. The rise and fall of insulin on a one, two, or three meal
per day routine disrupts the anabolic (muscle growth) drive -- as on your "pig
out" days. That is why you want to limit your "pig out" days to two.
Growth Hormone Release . . . The True Fountain Of Youth?
I am often asked "Isn't it bad to eat in the evening hours?"
Maybe, maybe not. Approximately 30 minutes after falling asleep (one of
the best times for hGH release -- particularly on an empty stomach), your pituitary gland releases
growth hormone into the bloodstream. Human growth
hormone (hGH) release helps the body use fat for fuel, build muscle,
enhance the power of the immune system, and expedite the healing process. For most people, the
age range of 25-30 is significant concerning growth hormone release. The ability
of the pituitary gland declines dramatically around the age range of 25-30 and we typically begin to
experience fat accumulation and lower energy levels during that time of our
Exercising large muscle groups (legs and
buttocks), aerobically and anaerobically, encourages growth hormone release.
Food in the stomach at exercise time and bedtime reduces the effectiveness of
the pituitary in releasing growth hormone. If you are consuming 200-500 calories (depending on
your weight) at or around 9 p.m., your stomach is empty by 11 o'clock to
midnight. On the traditional 800-1,500 calories per evening meal, your
stomach empties much later which can interfere with the nighttime function of the
pituitary. As you change your lifestyle in as many ways possible that
taps into the hGH/pituitary gland system, you are well on your way in
experiencing many positive changes in your life.
Chapters 3-11 can be previewed in
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Your calorie intake numbers directly reflect your calorie expenditure numbers.
If your intake is 1,560
calories per day and your expenditure is 1,560 calories per day, you will neither gain nor
lose body fat. Most of us did a facsimile of that cycle through our teen years and
twenties. Then we moved on to desk jobs and sedentary life styles coupled with the
slowdown in growth hormone production, and started "putting it on."
following list accounts for all of your daily sedentary activities (sleeping, getting out
of bed, eating, sitting at your desk, walking to your car, driving it, computer tasks,
having sex, talking on the phone, etc.). You burn calories every minute of the day.
table below represents your resting metabolic rate, or what some call your basal metabolic
rate (BMR). I have added a factor to the BMR to account for all of our sedentary
activities. You will use this number as your constant. If you weigh 150 pounds, your
constant is 1,560 calories. As you lose weight to 145 pounds, your constant changes to
1,490. Let us say that you like your current weight of 150 pounds, and you walk briskly
for an hour six days a week. You could consume your BMR of 1,560 + 400 (see exercise
calorie chart on pages 149-150), totaling 1,960 calories for each of those six days and
not gain any body fat. You could consume only 1,560 calories on day seven without gaining
body fat since you do not walk on that day.
Muscle Is Metabolically Active, Fat Is Not
Your numbers are not always going to be exact. Researchers have known for years
that caloric intake and expenditure numbers are just scientific guesses, but they are the
best tool we have. So if you are off 10 or 20 calories here or there, it is of minor
concern. A muscular 150 pound lean bodybuilder has a little higher BMR than a 150 pound
overfat person. Most of us, however, are somewhere in between, which is what the numbers
below estimate. You will find out how lean or overfat you are with the use of inexpensive
skin fold calipers.
you are lean and muscular, then you may want to add 100 calories or so to your BMR.
Mental calculations are much easier if you round numbers up or down. If your BMR is
930, use 900. If it is 860, use 900. If you have inadvertently misfigured a pound
after a month or so, no big deal. Let us say that you run a cash register for a living and
you are off $5 one way or the other after a month -- no great concern. The
next month when you are off $100, you become concerned. After the third month if you
are off $500, your boss is seriously considering firing you. You get motivated
quickly to find out what the problem is. Find it, make the adjustment, and all is
-- Table 12-1
Weight in pounds
BMR plus sedentary factor
All of the BMR numbers
are in increments of 70. If you weigh 85 pounds, take 70 calories from the 720 BMR
for your constant. If you weigh 305 pounds, then add 70 to the 3,660 for your
constant and so on.
The Bottom Line is
Calories In and Calories Out
If you have a caloric deficit at
the end of the week, then you have lost some body fat. If it happens to be a 3,500
calorie deficit, then you have lost a pound. 3,500 calories makes
up approximately 1 pound of body fat. In a "New York Times Today" article, May 25, 1999, Dr. Margo
a professor of medicine at UT Southwestern in Dallas, stated, No matter what
anyone tells you, it's calories that count. Carefully controlled metabolic
studies show that it doesn't matter where extra calories come from. Eat more
calories than you expend and you'll gain weight.
The actual foundation of The Atkin's
Diet, The Zone, South Beach Diet, Jenny Craig, Weight Watchers, NutriSystem, and all the rest, are successful due to creating calorie
deficits. There is just no way around it. For example, eating 1,000
calories per day of fat and protein is, pure and simple -- 1,000 calories.
Eating 1,000 calories of carbohydrates per day is, pure and simple -- 1,000
calories. Try it either way and you will discover that you will lose
weight as you are burning, for example, 1,500 calories per day. Burning
1,500 calories per day while consuming 1,000 of anything creates a 500 calorie deficit per day equating
to 3,500 calories deficit (1 pound of body
fat) in a 7 day period ... no matter how you combine foods.
Chapters 13-18 can be previewed in the
Table of Contents
This section provides information about the best I have
found. LEM stands for Life Extension Mix.
contains the amounts of every vitamin, mineral, amino acid, enzyme, and herb (VMAAEH)
that scientific literature advocates. These supplements are the cleanest
and most cost effective per gram in the world. It is not likely you'll find LEM in retail stores (drug, grocery, health food,
or multi-level companies). Other companies such as Twin Lab and Vitamin
Research Products sell comparable products, however, I find Life Extension Mix
more comprehensive and cost effective.
As you read, compare the full dose amount of
for example, in LEM (approximately 2,500 mg) to any other multi-formula. Theragran, Centrum,
One-A-Day, and GNC are very expensive when compared on a cost per gram basis.
Mannatech, Amway, Stanley, New Vision, and all other multi-level brands are also very
expensive when compared on a cost per gram basis. Another problem with commercial
varieties is the "short-change tactic." You are not getting the optimum
amounts your body needs of all the micro-nutrients for the same price you pay for LEM and
others mentioned here. Most commercial varieties do not base their formulas on solid
scientific evidence. Many are known to combine very low amounts of the beneficial
nutrients and high amounts of harmful toxic compounds such as coal tars, arsenic, lead,
shellac, etc. If the company you buy your supplements from does not use High
Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) or cannot supply you an independent laboratory
analysis of their product, there is a high probability you are consuming
unnecessary binders/fillers and/or other compounds. For more information on how commercial and multi-level companies operate, click
Units of measurement for supplements are as follows:
International Unit (IU) - Measures biological activity or potency, which is different from
weight measurements shown below. IU is used for fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and
K, however, grams, milligrams, and micrograms can also be used for A, D, E and
Grams (gm.) - Weight measurement: 1/28th of an ounce.
Milligrams (mg.) - 1/1000 of a gram.
Micrograms (mcg.) - 1/1000 of a milligram.
Males and Females 18 years of
age and older
Mix (LEM). Build up to the full menu if you are
just starting out or if you have been taking weaker supplements.
Dedicated Life Extensionists
consume the full menu which is 9 tablets per day - 3 as the first dose,
3 more 6 hours later, and the last 3 in another 6 hours.
Or, if you choose capsules -- 5 as the first dose, 5 more 6 hours later, and the last
4 in another 6 hours.
If you choose powder --
1 scoop in AM, 1 scoop 6 hours
later, and 1 scoop another 6 hours later.
An example of how to
1 tablet every 5-6 hours the first week.
2 tablets every 5-6 hours the second week.
3 tablets every 5-6 hours the third week until forever.
This formula comes with or without extra niacin
and with or without copper.
See vitamin B3, page 89
for more information. The 90 plus nutrients in LEM and amounts of each are discussed
completely in chapter 20 based on the consumption of the
Bone Restore, or Calcium Citrate
6 capsules per day for women (Bone
included in this formula
4 capsules per day for men (Bone Restore)
tablets per day for women (Calcium Citrate) - no magnesium is
included in this formula
4 tablets per day for men (Calcium Citrate)
Studies show minerals are better absorbed during sleep.
25-50 mgs. per day.
Vitamin C - 1,000-15,000 mgs. per day divided by three doses (this will make your
total C intake 3,500 - 17,500 mgs. because of the approximate 2,500 mgs. in
Chromium Polynicotinate - 200-500 mcg. (not mg.) per day.
It is best to take all of the above with
food on your stomach, however, it is okay to take them on an empty
stomach. They are better absorbed into the body when consumed after
eating at least 100 calories.
Most people report
feeling better and having more energy once in this supplement program.
It is easy to understand why -- most people's bodies have never had this many
tools to work with in these amounts. You may have been exposed to many
of these nutrients in the past but, most likely, not in therapeutic
amounts. For example, vitamin C does very little for you below 2,000
mg/day. Once your intake reaches the 2,000 mg/day level, studies show a
significant change in how the body responds to, for example: joint
strength, heart, and immune support. The same applies to all the other
nutrients in this formula.
Slowly Build Up With Consistency
Your body has to get used to the VMAAEHs
(vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes, and herbs) gradually. It has never had this many tools
(VMAAEHs) to work with before. It needs time to sort them all out.
Compare the processes
the body has to go through to your being introduced to forty plus new friends at a party
one evening and being asked to get to know them all intimately by midnight.
Quite a challenge for most people.
Most VMAAEHs are water soluble. Soon after you consume the supplements, you slowly
lose them through respiration, sweat, defecation, and urination. You can experiment
for yourself. Take 50 mg. of vitamin B2 and watch your urine turn bright yellow within the
next hour. A few hours later it will begin to fade. The blood and other body parts
absorb and utilize what they need and send the rest along the excretory organs as it
continues its functions. As you continue to take it throughout the day, your urine
will maintain the bright yellow color. Skip a dose or two and you will see it fade
Even though you are slowly losing them, certain amounts of each supplement
in your body. It is for this reason that you take them at least three times per day.
Some researchers even advocate four times per day to maintain a consistently high blood
(serum) level and to keep your excretory organs healthy as well. Our serum levels and body
tissues eventually become saturated with each one. If you forget a dose, your serum
level drops somewhat. If you forget two or more
doses in a row, then drop even more drastically.
If you decide to discontinue use of any supplements for any reason, taper off gradually.
The body has to make metabolic adjustments just as it has to make the same
adjustments as you are gradually increasing dosages. For example, if you abruptly
stop taking vitamin C (more than a gram per day), you may experience subclinical symptoms
Of Greater Performance
As you "supplement smart," you will most likely have
positive experiences. It is easy to understand
why. You now have access to the best nutritional tools backed by scientific
evidence. Our ancestors had access without scientific evidence through
Recommended Daily Allowances
The amounts of each supplement you will be consuming will be much greater than
the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDAs). The RDAs are set by the Food and Nutrition
Board (FNB - an arm of our government). The FNB ascertains these amounts mostly by
seeing what is in our foods and concluding, that is the amount we need. Actually, the RDAs are good for food manufacturers who
like to boast that a serving of their food meets 100 percent of the RDAs of several
vitamins and minerals. The FNB does not recognize many supplements such as
chromium, selenium, potassium, grape seed extract, choline, taurine, and the list goes on.
For example, they contend that 60 mg of vitamin C is sufficient to keep us
healthy -- an assertion that is thrown into doubt based on the thousands of
studies stating otherwise.
Let's Get Elemental
Minerals listed on almost all labels are combined with a compound that delivers
or makes the mineral better absorbed into the body. Among other micro-nutrients, the
LEM label includes:
This amount is what most
manufacturers will list without telling you the elemental
% U.S. RDA
Most manufacturers do
not tell you the elemental amount. They make it appear you
are getting much more. The same applies to most minerals across-the-board.
Studies show we need at least 300 mg of elemental magnesium per day.
You are within the 300 mg range when you
combine Bone Assure with
Following my recommendations on page 77 and eating the foods covered in
1 will keep you safe from mineral deficiencies.
It's rare but some people may
experience a "die-off" effect, also called the
Reaction. A die-off effect is caused by a rapid increase in volume
of stored waste material (mercury, fomaldehyde, aluminum,
etc.) and pathogens being brought into the
lymph system due to the binding/cleansing action of several of the nutrients
included in Life Extension
Mix. Reactions to the die-off effect
can include fatigue, diarrhea, headaches, muscle and joint achiness, and
flu-like symptoms. These reactions are temporary and will pass once your
body has expelled the circulating toxins. If these detoxifying symptoms
are too uncomfortable, reduce the amount of Life Extension Mix you consume
temporarily. Once your body is free of poisons, you will have achieved
an important step in optimizing your health. This is one of the reasons
it is suggested you build-up to full menu (if you are starting out or have
been off for awhile) as stated above.
Chapters 20-24 can be previewed here in the
Table of Contents
The benefits of smart exercise are many. New and old studies alike consistently reinforce
the advantages of a smart exercise program. Generally, the results of these studies show
regular lifelong exercise increases life expectancy. Most of us who exercise on a regular
basis report feeling better, enjoy life more, and perform better at work and play.
Extreme variations in exercise habits as well as failure to exercise responsibly, however,
may increase mortality.
Aerobic activities performed a minimum of three separate days per week provide us with
many benefits. It lowers triglyceride (blood fats) levels, raises good cholesterol, lowers
bad cholesterol, lowers elevated blood pressure, helps to lower body fat levels, and increase your chance of survival if you
have to flee from danger.
Aerobic exercisers need more free radical scavengers such as vitamin C (see page 84) because of the higher than normal
consumption of oxygen.
Anaerobic activities, particularly weight training
your tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles stronger. As a result, you will perform
better athletically, catch yourself if you fall so you will not break bones (a major
problem especially among the elderly).
The two forms of exercise that make up the smart exercise routine as mentioned above are:
Aerobic, meaning exercises that utilize the oxygen chemical system in your body, and
anaerobic, meaning exercises that do not utilize the oxygen chemical system.
exercises are heart, lung, and vascular healthy activities. They include, but are not
limited to, walking, jogging, stair climbing, rowing, aerobic dancing, and jumping rope.
Activities that make the large muscle groups of your body (legs and buttocks) move
in a consistent and repetitive fashion are considered aerobic. The result of this
consistent and repetitive action causes the heart rate to elevate into the training or fat
burning zone (see page 130) and keeps it there for a minimum of ten minutes.
will eventually build up the amount of time you spend on your aerobic
depending on how many calories you want to burn for the day and/or week. The chart
on page 149 shows different activities that burn differing numbers of calories per hour.
So, if you spend twenty minutes on an activity, you will have to divide the number
of calories for the activity by three.
There are many anaerobic activities. They are not considered as beneficial to
the heart, lung, and vascular system as aerobic activities. You may think of them as
"stop and go" activities. They cause your heart rate to rise into or over
your zone and, as quickly, during the stop or rest cycle, lower your heart rate to the
bottom of, or below your zone. They include, but are not limited to, weight training,
tennis, volleyball, softball, baseball, and interval training. All are good
activities because they burn calories over and above your BMR that you read about
here. The anaerobic activity that I encourage you to do more of than any other is weight
training and/or any other progressive resistance (muscle building) exercise.
more muscle on your frame, the higher your metabolic rate is every day, twenty-four hours
a day. You do not have to become a bodybuilder or power lifter to train with
weights. The weight training exercises that you are about to read about are
ergonomic and time efficient.
What Time Of Day Should I Workout?
Are you a morning person or a night person? You may hear from some that
morning is the best time. Some say that afternoon or evening is best.
I am partial with the afternoon and evening group primarily because I am a
"night person." Morning exercise
does not set well with me. I cherish early morning sleep.
Remember, the bottom line is
calories in and calories out.
Let us first consider aerobic or cardiovascular activities. The bottom line is to
get your heart rate in your training and/or fat burning zone (page 130) and keep it there
for at least ten minutes. Eventually, as you get in better shape, you will be able
to sustain the activity for twenty, thirty, or sixty minutes. Those of you who have
never exercised aerobically or have been away from exercise for a month or more should
a medical clearance from a medical professional.
Smart exercise means to build up slowly. As a result, you will avoid muscular and
joint soreness. Muscular and joint soreness is one of the main reasons people stop
exercising or never start in the first place.
In general, many people are "turned off" to physical activities because they
have been coaxed to "jump into it full speed" or were administered the "no
pain, no gain" philosophy. I still hear these foolish comments from supposed fitness
experts, public school educators, or college fitness educators on a regular basis.
also very common to hear these same people use a fitness related activity as punishment or
a manipulative tool ("give me five laps for talking in line," etc.).
It is no
wonder the majority of Americans do not exercise.
Hiring a personal trainer or checking out other books on lifting may be a good
idea to show you variations, make sure your form is good, or just to show you new lifts.
Beware though, there are many unqualified trainers who can do more harm than good.
Anyone who looks "buff" and has taken a weekend crash course (typical in
the personal training industry) is not necessarily qualified. Look for someone who
is personable with at least a bachelor's degree in some type of exercise science.
Use and abuse you with
the "no-pain, no-gain" philosophy.
Suggests swinging the weights or your
body in any manner (or does it that way themselves).
Ask you to do any abdominal exercise
that compromises your lower back such as sit-ups with straight legs or the exercise called
"straight leg lifts." Crunches are fine if the thigh is perpendicular to the
floor while lying on your back. Abdominal exercises are generally a waste of your time and money as are any other
individual muscular exercise. Chances are, you want "the biggest bang for your
buck." For example: the lat pull-down works several
muscle groups at one time
including the abs. It takes the same ten minutes to exercise four muscle groups as
it does one.
Ask you to pick up anything via
bending over rather than kneeling down.
Leave you unattended or frequently
diverts their attention away from you during your training session.
Variations on Weight Training
During the past couple of decades, I have experimented with almost every
weight training method / routine known to man on myself and students /
clients. The main things I have discovered
Regardless of the training
method you employ, your muscular strength, size, and speed of movement
will eventually plateau. Most people plateau after 6-12 months of
consistently working out.
To grow beyond plateau, many
athletes use creatine and
protein. Post plateau growth is the result of smart eating and
supplementing combined with training. Smart eats and supplements is
more responsible for post plateau growth more so than new or different
Isolating a single muscle does
not expedite growth in that muscle any faster than working that muscle in
a lift that involves 2 or more muscles. Example: If correctly
executed, the lift called "lat pull-down" or "lat
pull" mainly works the forearms, biceps, abdominals, posterior
deltoids, rhomboids, lats, and the teres group. Including bicep
curls in your lifting routine is not going to make your biceps grow any
stronger or faster than just doing the lat pull along with others that
involve the biceps. In other words, stop wasting time in the
gym! Your biceps are getting maximum muscle building power from the
multi-muscle lifts you utilize (such as lat-pull and bent row). Work
several muscle groups at the same time rather than isolating muscles for
the same results.
According to research, lifting
methods involving high-weight / low reps give us the best results concerning muscular
strength, size, and speed of movement. Example: Once your body
is acclimated, employ 4-6 reps of 3-4 sets of the maximum weight you can
handle. Inexperienced or beginners should slowly build-up -- see
below. Doing "super-sets" to failure, interval training,
or any of the other methods people utilize, will not get you to your
muscular goals any faster.
Allow your muscles 24 hours to
recover from a lifting routine. An effective and efficient routine
would be to workout your upper body one day and lower body the next.
That way, you can lift everyday. However, it is okay to skip a day
occasionally. Another possibility is to do full body one day, rest
the next, and workout full body the day after the rest day, and so on.
Muscular definition has
everything to do with body fat. Example: Subject A and B have
the exact same muscle mass, strength, etc. Subject A measures 20%
body fat and weighs 200 lbs. Subject B measures 10% body fat and
weighs 175 lbs. Subject B looks more muscular and defined than
Subject A even though they have the same amount of muscle mass, strength,
etc. Ideally, bodybuilders want as much muscle as possible along
with the least amount of body fat. Fat bodybuilders do not win
bodybuilding contests. The muscle is there, you just can't see it
when it is covered with fat.
and/or Weekend Athletes
you are just starting out with weights, there is a "build-up" phase.
Build-up, in this context, means doing 1 set of eight to ten repetitions (reps) at each
station with a weight that is relatively light to "your feel."
Reps are the process of repeating the same action over and over, in
this case, eight to ten times.
A set is a group of the eight to ten reps.
Two sets of eight to ten reps are executed in this way:
Eight to ten reps, 1 minute or so rest period, then eight to ten more reps.
However, for the beginner, 1 set per muscle group is plenty until the next
trip to the gym. When returning to the gym, either add weight to your 1
set routine or (either/or situation) another set with the same weight you
handled the time before and so on. This seemingly slow process will be
instrumental in lessening or eliminating muscular soreness and/or
injuries. After working up to 3-4 sets and once you are into it for a
month to 6 weeks, you should be ready to enter the
high-weight / low reps routine mentioned above.
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